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Comes Romanus Wirziburgensis
University Library Würzburg, M. p. th. f. 62, 


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The special significance of the Würzburg Lectionary 
(Comes Romanus Wirziburgensis) for an understanding of the history and the development of the Roman Lectionary has long been recognized. Ever since Dom Morin published the Epistle and Gospel lections of this Lectionary early in this century considerable scholarly investigation has been devoted to it.
A most significant contribution to the further study of this Lectionary has been made recently by the Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt of Graz, Austria. In 1968 the academy published a facsimile edition. With an excellent introduction by Dr. Hans Thurn of the University of Würzburg Library and complete bibliographies of the manuscript and its text, this edition finally provides scholars with an accessible tool to probe into the history of the Lectionary.

It may be hoped that many of the problems connected with this earliest extant witness of the Roman Lectionary will now be solved. The object of this brief note is to offer a possible explanation to one of these problems: the purpose of the calendar of the Roman church year, which forms the first section of the manuscript.
Comes Romanus Wirziburgensis now at the Library of the University of Würzburg, bears the catalogue number Mp th f 62. It is composed of sixteen leaves written in a minuscule hand.

The place and date of writing are still the subject of disagreement. Three divisions can be recognized in the contents of this manuscript. The first is a calendar of the Roman church year with Roman stations. It occupies leaves 1r to 2v. The text on both sides of leaf 1 is divided into two columns; three columns on 2r, and one column on 2v. All 213 items are numbered. No liturgical text is given, simply the day is indicated. Beginning with Christmas, the calendar follows the course of the church year in a manner similar to the sacramentaries and lectionaries of the eighth and ninth centuries. The second section is the Epistle lections from 10v to 16v, which break off with the Vigil of St. Andrew.

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